Protest Events, Photos, and Slogans (PEPS)

Mapping the Russian Protest Wave of 2011-13 (by Mischa Gabowitsch and Olga Sveshnikova)

Version 1.0, published: Nov. 20, 2020

Metadata only

Jan Matti Dollbaum

Main category: Protests
Additional categories: Civil Society And Interest Groups
Mischa Gabowitsch, Olga Sveshnikova (2020): Protest Events, Photos, and Slogans (PEPS), v. 1.0, Discuss Data, <doi:10.48320/333990EE-B16E-4C1F-BF13-58857BA4BD46>.


PEPS is a novel kind of protest event database. It includes data about the Russian protest wave of 2011-13, which centered on the topic of electoral fraud. It contains data on 967 protest events from 237 locations (mostly Russia), most of them between November 2011 and January 2013, but also including a few election-themed protests from earlier in 2011 and in the period from 2013 to 2016.

PEPS was created by Mischa Gabowitsch (Einstein Forum Potsdam/Germany) and Olga Sveshnikova (Research Center for East European Studies at the University of Bremen). Others also participated in data collection at various stages, most notably Manarsha Isaeva (Berlin Social Science Center).

The data set is presented and discussed in detail in a working paper by Mischa Gabowitsch and Olga Sveshnikova (2019), which is available under "files".

PEPS is currently maintained by the Research Centre for East European Studies at the University of Bremen and can be accessed upon request.

To access the dataset, please contact the curator for protest-related data, Jan Matti Dollbaum (, and briefly explain the purpose of data use.




Authoritarian Regimes Protest Photos Electoral Fraud

Language of data

English Russian


Anthropology Comparative Politics Sociology

Methods of data collection

Crowd Sourcing Desk Research

Methods of data analysis

Descriptive Statistics Qualitative Analysis Statistical Analysis